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Welcome to Focus Module

In this section we will explore Robert Nideffer’s theory of focus styles and explore the different styles of focus and identify the most appropriate focus style for a variety of situations. You will be invited to analyse scenarios and review helpful focus styles through case examples and then relate them to your own performance. Using the different focus styles you can better manage distractions during training or performance.

Using your Focus

Focus and attentional control is a complex area but very important when planning for long term sustained performance. It can be used in combination with other aspects of performance psychology, like imagery for example. By completing and practising this section you will likely be able to:

  • To improve your understanding of the focus spectrum by experimenting with different practical exercises requiring you to shift your focus styles
  • Develop skills to improve your ability to focus and apply your attention
  • Develop a better understanding of the impact of the surrounding environment on your focus strategy
  • Develop better arousal control
  • Increase your awareness of the relationship between focus styles and performance characteristics

Robert Nideffer’s Theory

Robert Nideffer’s (1976) Theory of Attentional and Interpersonal Style can be a complex theory to learn and best done in a visual and dynamic fashion, drawing on your experiences. This means that you will need to practise and try to activate the different focus styles over a period of time. Watch this video several times to help you along the way.